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Frankfurt (German: Frankfurt am Main; ) is the business and financial center of Germany and the largest city in the German state of Hesse. The city is known for its futuristic skyline and the biggest German airport.
Located on the river Main, Frankfurt is the financial capital of Continental Europe and the transportation centre of Germany. Frankfurt is home of the European Central Bank and the German Stock Exchange. Furthermore, it hosts some of the world's most important trade shows, such as the Frankfurt Auto Show and the Frankfurt Book Fair.
Römer square in Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt is a city of contrasts. Wealthy bankers, students and granola drop-outs coexist in a city that has some of the highest, most avant-garde skyscrapers of Europe next to well maintained old buildings. The downtown area, especially Römer square and the museums at the River Main, draw millions of tourists every year. On the other hand, many off the beaten track neighborhoods, such as Bockenheim, Bornheim, Nordend and Sachsenhausen, with their intact beautiful 19th century streets and parks are often overlooked by visitors.
Frankfurt is the place where Germany's major autobahns and railways intersect. About 650,000 people commute to the city each day, not counting the 660,000 people who really live here. With a huge airport — the third-largest in Europe — it is the gateway to Germany and for many people also the first point of arrival in Europe. Further, it is a prime hub for interconnections within Europe and for intercontinental flights.
Frankfurt has the highest percentage of immigrants in Germany: about 25% of Frankfurt's 660,000 people have no German passport and another 10% are naturalized German citizens. With about 35% immigrants, Frankfurt is the most diverse of German cities.
Frankfurt is home to many museums, theatres and a world-class opera.
When to visitThe best times for Frankfurt are late spring to early autumn. The summers tend to be sunny and warm around 25 °C (77° F). Be prepared, however, for very hot summer days around 35° C (95° F) as well as for light rain. The winters can be cold and rainy (usually not lower than -10 °C/14 °F). It rarely snows in Frankfurt itself.
If you intend to stay overnight, you may wish to avoid times when trade fairs are held, as this will make finding affordable accommodation a challenging task. The biggest are the Frankfurt Motor Show (Automobil-Ausstellung) every two years in mid-September (next in 2013) and the Book Fair (Buchmesse) yearly in mid-October; see Fairs for details.
Tourist InformationThere are two offices for tourism information. The easiest one to get to is inside the Central Station. Look for the signs: it is near the main exit, next to the German Rail (DB) service area.
The official contact data is:
• Touristinfo Hauptbahnhof [☛], (Tourist Information Central Station), Hauptbahnhof - Passage. +49 69 21 23 88 00 (fax: +49 69 21 23 78 80, mail: [email protected]). M-F 8AM - 9PM, Sa-Su + Holidays 9AM - 6PM; New Year + New Year's Eve 8AM - 1PM; closed on December 25th + 26th.
• Touristinfo Römer [☛], Römerberg 27. +49 69 21 23 88 00 (fax: +49 69 21 23 78 80, mail: [email protected]). M-F 9:30AM - 5:30PM, Sa-Su + Holidays 10AM - 4PM; New Year + New Year's Eve 10AM - 1PM; closed on December 25th + 26th.
Frankfurt is the heart of central Germany and as such, it is the national transportation hub. It has excellent connections by rail, road and air. Reaching and leaving Frankfurt is easy.
By planeFrankfurt Airport [☛] () is among the busiest in Europe — third in passenger traffic after London Heathrow and Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport — and the ninth busiest airport in the world. Frankfurt is the banking center of Germany and hosts numerous international trade fairs. Therefore all major airlines and all airline alliances fly frequently to Frankfurt and connects it to every continent and major city in the world. The German flagcarrier Lufthansa [☛] is the main airline in Frankfurt and offers the best connections.
The airport has two terminals (A third is scheduled to be opened in 2015). Terminal 1 is the home of Lufthansa and the Star Alliance [☛] airlines. Terminal 2 is for all other airlines. Terminal 1 is separated into Concourses A, B and C. Terminal 1 is a multi-level maze with poor signage & changing entrances due to ongoing construction work and insufficient capacity. Lufthansa tries to ease the confusion, therefore Business Class passengers (+ Gold & Silver Star Alliance Card Holders) have a designated check in area in Terminal 1 A. First class passengers of Lufthansa & Swiss Int'l Airlines (+ LH HON Circle card holders) are allowed to check-in in the separate First Class terminal [☛] on the right side of Terminal 1, which has its own driveway. All Star Alliance economy class travelers and other Star Alliance partners are checked in in Terminal 1B & 1C. The terminals are connected by the Sky Train (both landside and airside).
The departure gates have some of the most innovative seating around, with bench seats facing many directions and cafe-style tables and chairs for those who wish to whip out their laptops (sans coffee, alas). Passengers requiring special assistance should be advised that they might have to descend several flights of stairs to get to a bus that takes them to the plane, rather than disability-friendly ramps, so talk to the gate agent early if stairs are a problem.
Terminal 1 has public showers for €6 (includes towel, foot mat, shower gel, and hair dryer). One location is in the B Departures area, in the Shopping Boulevard, across from "TUMI". The other is in the secure area of B Concourse (good for transit passengers), Level 2, near gate B 30 and the duty free shopping. There is luggage storage in both terminals for €5 per bag per day.
The airport has a long visitor terrace on top of terminal 2 (adults €4). It also offers 45-minute airside bus tours (adults €6, hourly from 11 (holidays) or 1-4PM, ticket booth is at the bridge between terminal 1 and "Frankfurt Airport Centre", follow signs and information for Flughafen Erlebnisfahrten ("Airport Experience Tour").
Airport to downtownThe airport is connected to downtown Frankfurt by taxi, bus (Line 61 to Frankfurt Südbahnhof (Frankfurt South Station), and most easily by S-Bahn (fast commuter trains). To get to the city, take lines S8 or S9 in the direction of Offenbach Ost or Hanau at the Regionalbahnhof (regional train station) in Terminal 1 (entrances in section A and B): interactive route planner [☛]. The lines S1-6/8/9 travel through the cornerstone of the system, an underground tunnel (the Citytunnel) through central Frankfurt. If you want to change to long-distance trains get off at Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof(Frankfurt Central Station) or Frankfurt Südbahnhof (Frankfurt South Station). If you want to go downtown, get off at Frankfurt Taunusanlage, Frankfurt Hauptwache or Frankfurt Konstablerwache, which are in the heart of the city. The ride from the airport to the central station takes 14 minutes. Be sure to purchase a ticket at the vending machines in the train station before boarding the train.
If you want to go to the airport via S-Bahn, take the S8 or S9 in the direction of Wiesbaden. Don't take the S1 — while it has the same general direction and leaves the central station at the same platform, it will go along the wrong side of the river Main. The line S1 does not stop at the airport.
Other airport connections
Frankfurt am Main International Airport
The Frankfurt airport also has connections for inter-city trains. Regional trains to Mainz, Wiesbaden, and Hanau stop at the same place as the S-Bahn to Frankfurt. Connections outside the Frankfurt region have a separate train station, the Fernbahnhof ("long-distance train station"). Here, you can board high-speed trains to Cologne, Munich and other destinations.
Hahn airportThe smaller airport called Frankfurt/Hahn (IATA: HHN), mostly used by no-frills airlines, advertises proximity to Frankfurt. However, Hahn is far away from Frankfurt and it actually takes about 2 h to drive there from downtown. For that airport, if you have to use it at all, allow more time in your travel plans and budget. A bus [☛] from Frankfurt/Hahn to Frankfurt Main airport and on to Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof (Frankfurt Central Station) costs about €12 and leaves roughly every hour: tickets are available from the kiosk, outside in front of the main entrance.
By trainFrankfurt has three major train stations; the main station (Hauptbahnhof), the South Station (Südbahnhof) and the Airport (Flughafen Fernbahnhof). However, inter-city trains that stop at the airport usually don't stop at Hauptbahnhof (only a few exceptions). The Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof is one of the biggest and busiest train stations in Europe, so it's definitely worth a visit. Frankfurt has connections to most German cities - and some international destinations - via InterCity and high-speed InterCity Express trains. There is no problem to get a connection to any train destination from Frankfurt.
Be aware that Frankfurt train stations are very large, confusing, labyrinth-like places for newcomers. Allow extra time to locate the boarding area for your train. Don't hesitate to ask someone for help the first time. There is a large departures signboard above the main exit/entrance with destination and platform information, and you can also get information from the railway travel office in the station.
From the main ticket office at Frankfurt you can buy 5 and 10 day rail travel cards which allow you to travel around Germany using all train services, including the Intercity ones. These are a significant saving on individual train fares. The 5 day ticket costs €189 and the 10 day ticket €289. You cannot buy these tickets from regional train stations.
By carFrankfurt is connected to several autobahns and can be easily reached by car. Try to avoid rush-hour and especially snowy days, as car traffic can easily break down. Parking is definitely a problem in most areas. Especially during big conventions—such the Internationale Automobilausstellung (International Automobile Exhibition) in September, or the Frankfurter Buchmesse (The Frankfurt Book Fair) in mid-October—you should consider using the well designed park-and-ride system.
By busFrankfurt is serviced by various trans-European buslines like Eurolines [☛]. The main terminus is the central station (Hauptbahnhof). If you are on a tight budget, this can be a good way to reach Frankfurt.
To Kiev (Ukraine) you can travel with [☛]
Historical attractionsRömerberg ,Römerberg 27 ( North of Eiserner Steg bridge and city center) .Römerberg is the old centre of Frankfurt. It features various buildings and a church from the 14th and 15th century (the buildings were mostly destroyed during World War II but completely rebuilt afterwards). The Römer itself is the town hall of Frankfurt. Cafés and shops can be found at the square itself and in the vicinity. Next to the cathedral, at the Archäologische Garten, you can see the remains of the Roman settlements that gave this place its name. At the Römer, you can also visit the Alte Nikolaikirche (12th century church, current form since the 15th century). Walking towards the Main river, you can also see the Rententurm (Wharfinger's Tower), an old 15th century fortified tower in late Gothic style, which is connected to the Saalhof, an old 12th century castle building that was later modernized but never completely destroyed. Dom ( Saint Bartholomeus' Cathedral) ( Located right next to the Römerplatz (U4 Dom/Römer)) .The main cathedral, built in Gothic style in the 14th century. From 1562 to 1792, emperors of the Holy Roman Empire were crowned in the cathedral. .
Eiserner Steg ( Iron bridge).Relatively well-known bridge for pedestrians, built in 1869. It is just a minute away from the Römer. Crossing the bridge leads you to Sachsenhausen and provides good views of the skyline. Hauptwache .A public area that is often considered the central hub of Frankfurt's modern downtown area due to its importance as a public transportation station and its central location, right between the main shopping street (Zeil), the Rossmarkt (another public square), and the Eschenheimer Tor. The place is named after a Baroque building ("Hauptwache") located more or less in its centre. The building was constructed in 1730 to house the local city militia, as Frankfurt was an independent city at the time. When Frankfurt became part of Prussia, the building gradually lost its original function. Since 1905, it has instead been serving as a café ("Café Hauptwache"). Other attractions include the Katharinenkirche, and the Palais Thurn-und-Taxis.
Alte Oper Frankfurt
Alte Oper ( Old Opera),Opernplatz 1 ( take U6 or U7 station Alte Oper, or any line to Hauptwache and walk a few minutes) ,☎ Tickets: +49 (0)69 - 1340-400 [☛] .Renaissance Opera Building in the center of the city. A busy square with fountains can be found in front of it. Originally opened in 1880, it is not used for operas any more since the rebuilding after the war, but for concerts, congresses, and similar "fancy" events. Börse ( Frankfurt Stock Exchange).The Frankfurt stock exchange building, still in use, see the bull and bear statues just outside. You cannot enter the building unless you have registered for a guided tour in advance. Paulskirche ( St. Paul's Church) ( Located just north of the Römer place) .This was the seat of the first democratically elected parliament in Germany in 1848. Like most historic buildings in the city centre, it was destroyed during World War II, but was also among the first buildings to be rebuilt after 1945 (with different interior). Today the building is used as a memorial site and an event centre, hosting i.e. the awarding of the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade. Sachsenhausen .By crossing one of the bridges from the city centre you reach the Sachsenhausen part of the city south of the Main river. The old town part, Alt-Sachsenhausen, at Affentorplatz is famous for its old cider bars (see the "Drink" section for more information). You can also walk along the river bank or visit the Schweizer Straße (see the "Buy" section).
MuseumsMuseums in Germany are generally closed on Mondays (there are exceptions); the exact opening hours on other days depend on the museum. If you want to visit a museum on a public holiday, check with them before to be sure they open on that day.
The museums in Frankfurt offer a wide range of exhibits. Many museums are clustered on both banks of the Main in a district called Museumsufer. To get there, take the subway to Schweizer Platz (southern bank) or Willy-Brandt-Platz (northern bank), then walk towards the Main river. You can see the downtown skyscrapers when you leave the station Schweizer Platz, that's the direction you have to take. There are enough museums in Museumsufer to keep you occupied for a while, and it is especially suitable if you are staying in Frankfurt only for a short time.
The [☛] valid for admission to all municipal museums on two consecutive days and is available at all Frankfurt museums:
• Families (2 adults and children): 23.00 €,
• Individual visitors: 15.00 € / reduced 8.00 €,
At the MuseumsuferSachsenhausen . •Architektur Museum (German Architecture Museum), Schaumainkai 43, +49 69 21238844, fax +49 69 21237721, (email [email protected]), [☛]. The Architecture Museum displays various types of exhibits about buildings and architecture. Their tagline is "From Primordial Hut to Skyscraper". There's also a small cafe in the DAM. Mon closed, Tu, Th-Su 10AM-5PM, We 10AM-8PM. €6.00 for adults.
•Deutsches Filmmuseum (German Film Museum), Schaumainkai 41, +49 69 21238830, fax +49 69 21237881, (email [email protected]), [☛] (German only). The German Movie Museum displays—as the name implies—the art and history of film making. Mon closed, Tu,Th,F,Su 10AM-5PM, We+Sa 10AM-8PM. €4.00 for adults, €1.50 for children.
•Städel-Museum, Dürerstrasse, +49 69 605098-0, fax +49 69 610163, (email [email protected]), [☛]. Fully named the "Staedelsches Kunstinstitut" (named after Johann Friedrich Staedel), the museum displays various works of arts, both modern and old. There are also varying exhibitions at any time. Behind the museum is the Städelschule, an art school with a cheap cafeteria. Mon closed, Tue, Fri, Su 10AM - 5PM, Wed + Th 10AM - 9PM. €8.00 for adults; students € 5.00; children under 12 free.
•Museum Giersch (Museum of Regional Historic Art and Culture), Schaumainkai 83, +49 69 63304-128, fax +49 69 63304-144, (email [email protected]), [☛]. The broad exhibition range covers all types of art – painting, photography, sculpture, graphic art, architecture and applied arts. Usually the exibitions focus on artist that have some sort of connection to Frankfurt or the Frankfurt region. It presents works on loan from public and private owners, which are often stored in depots or private collections and therefore not otherwise accessible to the general public. There are also varying exhibitions at any time. Public guided tours for groups such as pupils or adults by arrangement. Tu-Fr 12-7PM, Sa + Su 11AM-5PM, Monday closed €4.00 for adults, €2.00 for children.
•Museum für Angewandte Kunst (Museum of Applied Arts), Schaumainkai 17, +49 69 212-34037, fax +49 69 212-30703, (email [email protected]), [☛]. The museum for applied arts and design hosts just that in a beautiful Richard Meier designed building. The small park around it is a popular hangout in summer and there is a small posh restaurant on the ground floor. Mon closed, Tue, Th-Su 10AM - 5PM, W 10AM-9PM. €5 adults, €2.5 children.
• Liebighaus (Liebig House), Schaumainkai 71, +49 69 212-38617 (email: [email protected], fax: +49 69 212-30701) [☛]. Large collection of sculptures and statues from all over the world. Very nice cafe in the garden. Mon closed, Tue, Th-Su 10AM - 5PM, W 10AM - 8PM.
• Museum der Weltkulturen (Museum of World Cultures), Schaumainkai 29-37, +49 69 212-35913 (email: [email protected], fax: +49 69 212-30704) [☛]. Due to a lack of space and funding currently doesn't display its permanent ethnographic collection but rather shows well-made exibitions. Mon closed, Tue, Thu, Fri, Su 10AM - 8PM, W 10AM - 8PM, Sa 2PM - 8PM.
• Museum für Kommunikation (Museum of Communication), Schaumainkai 53, +49 69 6060-0 (fax +49 69 6060-666) [☛]. Formerly known as the postal museum, it explains the history of communication with a strong focus on postal services and telecommunication. A lot of old telegraphs, phones, fax machines etc. can be tried out so it is fun for not too young kids. Don't miss the small but impressive art collection, hosting works with communication themes from the early 19th century up until today. Mon closed, Tu-F 9AM - 5PM; Sa-Su 11AM - 7PM. € 2 for adults; € 1 for children.
• Jüdisches Museum (Jewish Museum), Untermainkai 14/15, +49 69 21235000 (email: [email protected], fax: +49 69 21230705), [☛]. This is not on the actual Museumsufer but on the other bank of the river. The Jewish community in Frankfurt can look back on over 850 years of history in Frankfurt and is the second oldest community in Germany. The well funded museum in the old Rothschild (they originate from Frankfurt) palais pays reference to this history with a strong focus on the holocaust. Mon closed, Tu-Su 10AM - 5PM, W 10AM - 8PM. Adults 2.60 Eur, children 1.30 Eur.
Ikonen Museum ( Icon Museum),Brückenstraße 3-7 ( Eastern End Schaumainkai) ,☎ +49(0)69 - 21236262 [☛] ,Tu-Su 10AM-5PM, Wed until 8PM, price 6 €, reduced 4, every last Saturday in the mont free entrance.Founded in 1990 through a donation of 800 icons from the 16th-19th century this museum today has about 1'000 icons and today also has special exhibitions for modern icons.
Other museums• Naturmuseum Senckenberg (Nature Museum Seckenberg), Senckenberganlage 25, +49 69 75420 (fax: +49 69 746238) [☛] Mo-Tu and Th-F 9AM-5PM, W 9AM-8PM, Sa-Su 9AM-6PM. Commonly just called Senckenberg museum it is one of the most famous museums of Frankfurt. The Senckenberg has various exhibits on natural history; plants, animals, minerals, and so on; the biggest attraction are the dinosaur skeletons and the collection of preserved animals that were hunted and stuffed in a less enlightened age. Highly recommended for anybody interested in the subject. Also suitable for children, who can touch some of the exhibit (like replicas of Dinosaur skeletons). To get to the museum, take the tram or subway to Bockenheimer Warte, then walk. There are no parking spaces available at the museum. €6.00 for adults, € 1.50 for children.
• Museum für Moderne Kunst (Museum of Modern Art), Domstraße 10, +49 69 212-30447 (fax: +49 69 212-37882, mail: [email protected]) [☛] Mon closed; Tue, Th-Su 10AM-5PM, W 10AM-8PM. € 6.00 for adults, € 3.00 for children. The building was designed by Hans Hollein to resemble a boat, which is most notable when approaching it from the back (east). Apart from well-known artists in the permanent collection, e.g. Roy Liechtenstein and Andy Warhol, the museum has changing exhibits that often include very recent work. The museum has an associated restaurant Triangolo.
• Museum Judengasse is part of the Jewish Museum, but at a differing address (not anywhere near the Museumsufer), Kurt Schumacher-Straße 10, +49 69 2977419 (email: [email protected], fax: +49 69 21230705) [☛]. Here are exhibited the foundations from the Jewish Ghetto dating back to 1462, as well as information about life as a Jewish person in this ghetto during the Middle Ages. Info is in English & German. Outside of this museum is the "Holocaust Memorial Wall" with over 11,000 names of Frankfurts' murdered Jewish citizens on it. It surrounds the medieval Jewish cemetery dating back to 1272. There is another outpost of the Jewish museum near by, which hosts exibitions on a regular basis. It is housed in a 4 story world war II overground bunker. Mon closed, Tu-Su 10AM - 5PM, W 10AM - 8PM. Adults 2.0 Eur.
• Geldmuseum der Deutschen Bundesbank (Money Museum of the German Central Bank). Wilhelm-Epstein-Strasse 14, +49 69 9566-3073 (email: [email protected]) [☛] Mon, Th-Su 10AM - 5PM, W 1PM - 9PM. A museum about money and its history.
• Archäologisches Museum (Archaeological Museum), Karmelitergasse 1, +49 69 212-35896 (fax: 212-30700, mail: [email protected]) [☛] Mon closed; Tu-Su 10AM - 5PM; W 10AM - 8PM. € 4 for an adult; € 2 for a child. Located in a building which formerly housed a Carmelite monastery.
• Kunsthalle Schirn [☛] is a museum specializing in contemporary art. It's located just off the Römerplatz. There are two exhibition spaces that rotate every month or two.
• Portikus [☛] exhibition hall located in the Leinwandhaus building, Weckmarkt 17 (Subway statiom Römer), +49 69 219987-60 and +49 69 219987-59 (email: [email protected], fax: +49 69 219987-61). M closed, Tu-Su 11AM - 6PM, W 11AM - 8PM, also closed when there is no current exhibition and on some public holidays. Admission free.
Frankfurter Kunstverein ,Steinernes Haus am Römerberg, Markt 44 ( Römerberg) ,☎ +49 (0)69 219314-0 [☛] .Constantly changing contempory art expositions Goethe Haus und Museum ,Großer Hirschgraben 23-25 ,☎ (0 69) 1 38 80 - 0 [☛] ,10AM – 6.00PM, Sunday until 5:30PM, price Adults 7 €, reduced 1.5-3 €.Birthplace of Germany's most famous author and poet. It's a museum and pisture gallery devoted to Goethe Historisches Museum ,Saalgasse 19 ( U-Bahn Dom/Römer) ,☎ ++49 (0)69-212-35599 [☛] .Historic museum of the city of Frankfurt and its citizens. Today it offers a wide collection of the history of the city. Currently closed for alterations. Open from 26th May 2012 on Tuesday to Sunday and on all holidays: 10 am to 5 pm. Admission: 4 €, reduced fee: 2 €,
Family ticket: 9 €.
Museum related eventsThree special events are associated with Frankfurt's museums.
• Every Saturday morning there's a flea market until noon at the Museumsufer.
• Once a year (usually during the last weekend in August), a festival called [☛] 24. - 26. August 2012 is organized at the Museumsufer with food, music and various other activities. It is quite popular locally and offers a good chance to mingle with the locals. You can buy a badge that will give you unlimited access to all the museums during the festival weekend. Many closed collections open to the public on this weekend. Sign up for tours at the Römer tourist office. A dragon boat regatta also takes place on the river during the festival weekend and can be watched from both sides of the river.
• Lange Nacht der Museen [☛] (Long Night of Museums) One night a year (in the End of April), most Frankfurt museums are open to the public until the early morning of the next day. Special bus lines will take visitors from one to the next. Various special events are organized; for example dances, music performances, special exhibits, games, and so on. It is very crowded but also highly recommended; be prepared for very long lines. Buy a ticket in advance so you do not have to waste time during the night of the event on this, and do not forget to pick up a schedule of the events and map of the bus routes. Similar events are organized in other German cities as well.
Frankfurt am Main Skyline Frankfurt has some of the tallest buildings in Europe (the Commerzbank tower is the highest office building of Europe), and the tallest in Germany. Its skyline is unique for the country as the high-rises are concentrated in a relatively small downtown area, giving Frankfurt the looks of a metropolis. The skyline is the reason why Frankfurt is sometimes called by the nickname Mainhattan.
• For a view of the skyline try the Main river bridges. The eastern bridges offer the best view. Also, when you approach the city from the airport via the subway, stay to the right side of the train. Just before the train approaches the Frankfurt central station it enters a big curve, and from here you will have a nice first glance of the skyline.
• Take a walk from Schweizer Platz northwards for another good view of the skyscrapers.
• The Main Tower [☛] (Subway station Willy-Brandt-Platz or S-Bahn-station Taunusanlage) building is special as it is the only Frankfurt high-rise that is open to the public. For 5.00 Euro, you can take the elevator to the viewing platform at a height of 200 meters. From here, you will have a good view of Frankfurt and the surrounding area. Make sure to go on a clear day, and if you're in Frankfurt in Fall or Spring you might wish to try to go up a short while before sunset. That way, you can witness how the city changes from day to nightlife. The Main Tower is something that you should not miss during your stay. The viewing platform will be closed during severe weather.
• The European Central Bank in downtown Frankfurt (Subway station Willy-Brandt-Platz) - easily recognized by its hexagonal layout and the big neon color € statue in front of the entrance - might be of some special interest as this is the seat of European financial power and decisions. It's not open to the public, although a small gift shop downstairs will sell you all the Euro-related memorabilia you want.
• The Henninger Turm , located in Sachsenhausen, is a 120m (330 ft) tall grain storage silo tower. Inaugurated in 1961, it remained by far the highest silo tower in the world until 2005. The top part used to have rotating restaurants and observation decks, but unfortunately the tower has been closed to the public since 2002.
There are various fireworks displays throughout the year. Many major events - like the Museumsufer festival are ended with very well done fireworks. Check your local event schedule; if you are in the city these are always worth your time. The exception are the New Year fireworks, which are unorganized and less than spectacular. Good vantage points are the Main bridges, or the river banks.
Other attractions• Palmengarten [☛] ("palm garden"): Botanic gardens. Siesmayerstraße 61 (Entrance Palmengartenstraße: subway U4, U6 (towards Praunheim Heerstaße), U7 (towards Hausen) Station Bockenheimer Warte; Entrance Siesmayerstraße: U6, U7 Station Westend), tel. +49 69 212-33939 (fax: +49 69 212-37856). Nov-Jan: Daily 9AM-4PM; Feb-Oct: Daily 9AM-6PM. The Palmengarten is Frankfurt's botanic garden. There are special exhibitions and events throughout the much of the year. €5 adults, €2 children. Prices during special events & exhibitions: €7 adults, €2.50 children. (German language part of the website has a lot more information than the English part)
• Grüneburgpark: This is Frankfurt's largest public park. Even though there are many parks in Frankfurt, the Grüneburgpark is probably the most liked. Located close to two campuses of the university, many young people meet there, and many business people jog there after work.
• Campus Westend: architecturally interesting campus of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University. Includes the IG Farben building (), the former corporate headquarters of IG Farben and largest office building in Europe from 1930 until the 1950s. Just east of the Grüneburgpark.
• The RMV offers a tour of the city in the so-called Ebbelwei Express [☛], a special tram that offers music, apple wine, and pretzels. Probably very stereotypical and more suited for people who do not mind "tacky" tourist traps.
• St. Leonhardskirche (St. Leonhard’s Church): old late Romanic church built in 1219 and later transformed in accordance with the Gothic style in the 15th century. English-language Catholic mass service on Saturdays and Sundays.
• Bornheim: A nice residential quarter with a lively market and beautiful medieval houses which survived the war intact (unlike the city centre). The most important and lively street is the Berger Straße, which runs from downtown all the way to the oldest parts of Bornheim. The more central downtown part of the Berger Straße (actually in the Nordend district) features a variety of small and often trendy little stores, cafés, and restaurants, whereas the older parts of Bornheim are famous for its historic Ebbelwoi (a local cider) taverns.
Goetheturm ( Goethe Tower),daily 10:00-18:00 from April through September.An old 43 metre wooden tower with viewing platform offering nice views of the skyline. Located in Sachsenhausen. As of mid-2011 the climb is closed. • Staufenmauer: remains of the old city wall (1138–1254) can be seen in the Fahrgasse and at the Liebfrauenkirche. More prominent examples of the city fortification built in later years include the Eschenheimer Turm (1428) near Hauptwache and the Friedberger Warte (1478, rebuilt 1637), which is on the Friedberger Landstraße a bit outside the main city centre.
• Palais Thurn und Taxis: 18th century palace of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis. In the 19th century, it served as the parliament of the German Confederation. Unfortunately, apart from the front facade, most of it is reconstructed. The reconstruction has a smaller scale than the building's original 18th century size. In Große Eschenheimer Straße (1 minute walk north from Hauptwache towards the Eschenheimer Turm).
• Hauptfriedhof: main cemetary, where you can find several mausoleums, over 150 year old tombstones, as well as the final resting places of philosophers Arthur Schopenhauer and Theodor W. Adorno.
• Katharinenkirche: (St. Catherine's Church): Baroque style Lutheran church at Hauptwache. Constructed 1678 bis 1681 at the site of a former monastery, destroyed during World War II, and restored 1950 to 1954. The tower stands at 54m.
• Liebfrauenkirche: 14th century Roman-Catholic church and monastery located at Liebfrauengasse/Neue Kräme near the Zeil
• Alte Stadtbibliothek: former public library building, constructed 1820-1825 in neo-classical style.
• About once a month, an old steam engine train [☛] rides along tracks on the northern riverbank of the Main. Prices vary, starting at €4 for an adult.
• Zoo [☛]: Alfred-Brehm-Platz 16 (take subway U6 (towards Ostbahnhof) or U7 (towards Enkheim), get off a Zoo station), tel. +49 69 21233735. Winter: Daily 9AM - 5PM, Summer: Daily 9AM - 7PM. €8 adults, €4 children.
Frankfurt and the river Main • In the summer, a walk along the river Main is a nice thing to do. A lot of people will spend a sunny afternoon walking or sitting there on a lawn or playing frisbee or football. It's a relatively quiet area, considering it's in the heart of the city. Nearby cafes and restaurants allow you to have a drink in between. The only disadvantage is that it can be quite crowded when the weather is nice; try going during business hours on a weekday unless you're looking for a crowd.
Maintower ,Neue Mainzer Straße 52 - 58 ( S-Bahnstation Taunusanlage) ,☎ +49 (0)69/3650-4878 [☛] , price 5,- € adults, 3.5 € kids.Have a breathtaking view from this skyscraper Oper Frankfurt ,Untermainanlage 11 ,☎ +49 069 / 212 49 49 4 [☛] .Not to be confused with the historic Alte Oper building, this modern building is where to go to see an opera performance. State subsidized performances make this a relatively affordable place to see high quality productions Ice skating ring ,Am Bornheimer Hang 4 ( U-Bahn line 7) ,☎ +49 069 212-39308 [☛] .Ice skating for amateurs or watch ice hockey games by the local teams English theatre ,Gallusanlage 7 ( Willy-Brandt-Platz) ,☎ +49 (0)69 24231620 [☛] .See a play at the largest English-language theatre in continental Europe • Go for a walk in the City Forest (Stadtwald) in the south of Frankfurt. With about 48 square kilometres, it is regarded as the largest inner-city forest in Germany. Six playgrounds and nine ponds make the forest a popular tourist attraction. The forest can be reached via tram line 14 direction Neu-Isenburg/Stadtgrenze from Frankfurt South Station (Frankfurt Süd). Trams 12, 19, 20 and 21 also connect the Stadtwald with downtown Frankfurt.
• Try the local cider "Apfelwein", especially that made by Possmann. The "Frau Rauscher" edition has a pleasant natural taste with some yeast left into it.
• The Cinestar Metropolis cinema shows a couple of movies in English. Take U1/U2/U3 to Eschenheimer Tor or walk from the city centre.
• Go swimming at Titus-Thermen or Rebstockbad, which both also have whirlpools and sauna facilities. Or visit any of the other public indoor or outdoor pools in Frankfurt [☛]. Some of the bigger complexes outside the city limits include Taunus-Therme [☛] in Bad Homburg and Rhein-Main-Therme [☛] in Hofheim.
• Sportpark Kelkheim [☛] is a sports facility complex that features high rope courses, golf (no membership required), indoor climbing and bouldering, squash, and other activities.
• Go on top of the Feldberg mountain, the highest mountain of the Taunus. Take a train from Frankfurt central to Königsstein and then go to the main bus place (Parkstraße). Busses via Feldberg depart every 2 hours. Get on top of the observation tower at the Feldberg. If it's cold, have a hot chocolate with cream (Heiße Schokolade mit Sahne) at the tower's kiosk.
• The red light district with large brothels, porn cinemas and bars is located just east of the main railway station.
Ballet Wiliam Forsythe ,☎ +49 (0) 69 21249494 [☛] .Modern ballet in Frankfurt
Emperor Antoninus Pius Presides at the Saalburg Main Gate Frankfurt's trade fairs are known to have taken place as early as in the year 1160. The Messe Frankfurt [☛] is one of the world's largest exhibition centers, hosting a continuous stream of exhibitions small, large and gargantuan — the Motor Show draws almost a million visitors. Most fairs are open to the public for at least part of the time, and can be a fascinating if somewhat overwhelming experience if you're interested in the theme. The Messe has its own train station, Messe, two stops away from the Central Railway Station (from platform 104, underground) on S 3/4/5/6, and there's also a Messe station on the U4 subway line. Advance tickets for fairs often allow free use of all RMV public transport.
U4/U5 to station Messe/Torhaus; trains to the trade fairs will be announced in English.
Frankfurt Book Fair ( Frankfurt Buchmesse)[☛] , price Day ticket €12.The largest event of the world's publishing industry, held yearly in mid-October. The Frankfurt Book Fair has a long history, first being held in the year 1485, shortly after Gutenberg's printing press in nearby Mainz made books much more easily available than before. The last two days (Sa-Su) are open to the general public, with book sales allowed on Sunday only. In recent years, the public days of the Book Fair have also drawn a vast contingent of manga/anime fans, many of whom dress up as their favorite characters! Photography is allowed, but only after asking permission. Frankfurt Motor Show ( Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung)[☛] , price Day tickets €11-18.The world's largest motor show and Frankfurt's biggest event, held every two years, next on Sept. 2013. (In even-numbered years, the show is held in Hannover.)
Frankfurt is a great place for shopping, as it caters both to tourists and to the local population, so you can find anything from haute couture to ridiculously cheap, and most of the shopping possibilities are located in the centre. The majority of shops are open until 8PM, though some of the larger stores downtown may close at 9 or 10PM. In general, shops are closed on Sundays.
• The Zeil is the main shopping street in Frankfurt and in fact one of the most frequented shopping streets in Europe. The area features department stores such as Galeria Kaufhof and Karstadt, shopping complexes like the Zeilgalerie [☛] and the new MyZeil [☛](remarkable architecture!), and many other shops. Also check out some of the surrounding streets, e.g. Liebfrauenstraße, Schillerstraße, Kaiserstrasse. Head to the Goethestraße for upscale shopping.
• Kleinmarkthalle: market hall with local and international food products, located at Hasengasse 5-7 (in the city center between Zeil and Berliner Straße)
• Schweizer Straße: small, traditional shops with local specialties, take U1/2/3 to Schweizer Platz.
• Berger Straße: smaller trendy shops and cafés, take U4 to Merianplatz or Höhenstraße.
• NordWestZentrum: a large modern shopping mall in the north of Frankfurt, reachable using the U1 subway. Many of the shops there can also be found in the downtown Zeil area - although the mall does contain Frankfurt's only Primark store.
• Leipziger Straße: smaller shops, take U6/U7 to Leipziger Straße station.
• Flea Market: Saturdays along the river in Sachsenhausen. Starts at around 10:00 and goes on unitl 14:00 during which time the road is normally closed to traffic.
• Hessen-Center: an older shopping mall targeted more at the local population, take U7 to Hessen-Center.
• Farmer's Market at Konstablerwache: every Thursday (10:00-20:00) and Saturday (8:00-17:00)
• Schillermarkt: local groceries market, every Friday from 9:00-18:30
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